Branches of biology

Modern branches of biology

Theophrastus is known as the father of Botany. A German biologist, Ernst Haeckel, coined the term ecology in In this topic, we have included the basic branches of Biology Branches of Biology List and its description. All organisms, from bacteria to animals, share the same basic machinery that copies and translates DNA into proteins. Physiology: It is the study of different types of body functions and processes. The GCs then reduce the rate of secretion by the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland once a sufficient amount of GCs has been released. Chemistry-based branches of biology: Sheep-pig hybrids? Another field of biological study, neurobiology, studies the biology of the nervous system, and although it is considered a branch of biology, it is also recognized as an interdisciplinary field of study known as neuroscience. Palaeontology: It deals with the study of fossils or remains and impressions of past organisms present in the rocks of different ages. Thanks to the work of Robert Remak and Rudolf Virchow , however, by the s most biologists accepted all three tenets of what came to be known as cell theory. A group of cells similar in origin and function is called tissue. If you are interested in biology, pursuing a career in any branch of biology can be immensely rewarding. This is done on both the microscopic and molecular levels, for unicellular organisms such as bacteria , as well as the specialized cells of multicellular organisms such as humans. Being broad — based and multi- disciplinary, the term biology is often replaced by the term life sciences or biological sciences. It includes ranks and binomial nomenclature.

Epigenetics pronunciation — The study of heritable changes in phenotype caused by mechanisms other than the alteration of nucleotide sequences. Genetics: It is the study of inheritance of characters or heredity and variations.

Physiology is the study the interaction of how, for example, the nervousimmuneendocrinerespiratoryand circulatory systems, function and interact.

This is done on both the microscopic and molecular levels, for unicellular organisms such as bacteriaas well as the specialized cells of multicellular organisms such as humans.

branches of biology pdf

The hierarchy of biological classification 's eight major taxonomic ranks. Research into the origin of life, abiogenesisamounts to an attempt to discover the origin of the first cells. The set of chromosomes in a cell and any other hereditary information found in the mitochondriachloroplastsor other locations is collectively known as a cell's genome.

Because of its interdisciplinary nature, this sub-discipline studies different functions of the nervous system using molecular, cellular, developmental, medical, and computational approaches. A merging draft, BioCode, was published in in an attempt to standardize nomenclature in these three areas, but has yet to be formally adopted.

This term is derived from the Greek word "genetikos" meaning "origin". All living organismswhether unicellular or multicellularexhibit homeostasis. You can rightly say that marine biology is a branch of oceanography, which is, again, a branch of biology.

Genetics provides research tools used in the investigation of the function of a particular gene, or the analysis of genetic interactions. Bioinformatics Bioinformatics basically relates to genomic studies with the application of data processing, computational knowledge and statistical applications.

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Branches of biology